15/02/2009

L'activiste LGBT nigérian Mac-Iyalla visite Bruxelles

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Du 15 au 23 fevrier 2009, Monsieur Davis Mac-Iyalla, l'activiste LGBT nigérian bien connu,  visitera la  Belgique, les institutions européennes et diverses associations belges ou internationales intéressées par la défense des droits LGBT: Parlement, Parlement européen, Amnesty International, le CGRA et l'Office des étrangers, la Fedasil, etc.

Davis Mac-Iyalla (né en 1974 à Otukpo) est un activiste nigérian qui se bat pour les causes LGBT. Il a mis sur pied l'antenne nigériane de l'organisation anglaise Changing Attitude, une organisation qui milite en faveur d'un changement interne de la Communion anglicane ( Anglican Communion) en faveur de l'inclusion par cette église des minorités sexuelles. (On sait que les églises africaines sont ultra-conservatrices et que la communion anglicane est au bord du schisme sur ces questions).

Davis Mac-Iyalla s'est rendu compte de son orientation sexuelle dès l'âge de 14 ans, mais n'en fit part qu'après avoir connu deux événements déterminants: l'ordination de l'évêque gay anglican Gene Robinson pour le diocèse du New Hampshire, et le décès de son mentor, l'Eveque Iyobee Ugede d'Otukpo. En juillet 2003, il fut licencié de son emploi pour cause d'homosexualité: il était alors le directeur  d'une école anglicane au Nigéria. C'est alors qu'il commença son travail d'activiste au sein de Changing Attitude.

Il a dès lors dû faire face à l'opposition très dure tant de la hiérarchie religieuse anglicane nigériane que des laïques qui gravitent dans sa sphère: on sait que le Nigéria est una nation ultra-conservatrice qui opprime les personnes gay et lesbiennes. L'Eglise du Nigéria a publié sur son site web un texte qui dénonce les activités de Mac-Iyalla.  Mac-Iyalla a cependant pu rencontrer le primat de l'église nigériane , Peter Akinola, qui a pris la tête de la faction ultra-conservatrice internationale qui s'oppose à l'accueil des anglicans LGBT par les anglicans britanniques et par les églises épiscopales américaines.

Dans un souci de désinformation, les anglicans nigérians accusent Mac-Iyalla de charlatanisme et certains ont contesté la véracité de son récit (cliquer ici), mais Mac-Iyalla a pu démontrer, photos à l'appui, que son passé anglican est bien celui qu'il décrit.

Pour tout contact avec M. Mac-Iyalla, veuillez vous adresser (très rapidement) à Jan Beddeleem (+ 32) 476 257602
janbeddeleem at gmail.com, qui est en charge du planning de la visite belge de Monsieur Mac-Iyalla.

Source biographique: article de wikipedia, traduit de l'anglais

17/02/2008

Arrestations au Nigeria: communiqué IGLHRC (en anglais)

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February 15, 2007
 
 

INTERNATIONAL GAY AND LESBIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION

Dispatch from Bauchi, Nigeria, February 2008

Regional Update: Africa

Eighteen men arrested on charges related to sexual orientation in Bauchi state, Nigeria faced an adjournment today, as the government continued to stall given the weakness of their case and lack of evidence, according to the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). The next hearing will be held on March 24, 2007.

The men, all between the ages of 18 and 21, were arrested on August 5, 2007, at a party at Benco Hotel along Tafawa Balewa Road by the Hisbah, the Islamic anti-vice squad. According to the charge sheet, at the time of arrest "the suspects were all dressed in female attire organizing a gay wedding which contravenes section 372 subsection 2(e) of the Islamic Sharia penal code." The men deny that they were dressed in female clothing or that they were organizing or attending a gay wedding. They argue that the event was a combination birthday/graduation party for a local man (who was not present at the time of the raid and has not been arrested) and the celebration of the marriage of his sister. Currently released on bail, the men have spent a total of 19 days in detention. The men were beaten, caned, and cursed by their jailors and court officers.

IGLHRC Senior Regional Specialist for Africa Cary Alan Johnson was in northern Nigeria last week to meet with the men and their defense attorneys prior to the hearing. According to Johnson, the arrest and prosecution of the Bauchi 18 shows just how much official discrimination LGBT people in Nigeria face and how the government targets sexual minorities.

"These men are being railroaded by the authorities," said Johnson. "Contradicting their own statements, the police first said that the men were all dressed in women's clothing, then that articles of female clothing and cosmetics were found in their belongings, which somehow proves that they were engaging in same sex marriage and homosexuality. The rhetoric of the police and court authorities are confusing, at best, and attempt to incite the public against the young men by conflating the concepts of 'homosexuality,' 'cross-dressing' and 'gay marriage'."

The arrest maybe part of the state government's campaign to reintroduce a remarkably dangerous anti-homosexuality bill. Last year, the Nigerian National Assembly debated the "Bill for an Act to make provisions for the prohibition of sexual relationship between persons of the same-sex, celebration of marriage by them and for other matters connected herewith," commonly referred to as the Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Act of 2006. The bill criminalizes same-sex marriage as well as the "registration of Gay Clubs, Societies and organizations by whatever name they are called" and any "publicity, procession and public show of same-sex amorous relationship through the electronic or print media physically, directly, indirectly or otherwise." Also, under Article 7 of the bill, "any person who is involved in the registration of gay clubs, societies and organizations, sustenance, procession or meetings, publicity and public show of same-sex amorous relationship directly or indirectly in public and in private is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a term of 5 years imprisonment."

The bill had massive public support and quickly became a litmus test for the promotion of conservative religious values in Nigeria. Politicians clamored to support it. On the other side, a coalition of local organizations, including The Independent Project, the House of Rainbow (MCC-Nigeria), Global Rights Nigeria, and International Centre for Sexual Rights and Education (INCRESE), came together to organize local opposition to the bill. After effective advocacy by the consortium of local, national and international partners, the Assembly failed to bring the bill for a final vote and with the dissolution of the legislature it died, pending potential reintroduction.

Even though it did not pass, the bill has served as an incitement to violence and discrimination against LGBT individuals, and more generally, toward individuals whose behaviors do not fit within typical sexual or gender norms. The Sunday Sun weekly newspaper reported the expulsion of 15 "homosexual suspects" from the Nigerian Defense Academy in Kaduna, citing the anti-gay position of the government to justify its action.

TIP is providing support and advocacy strategy for the Bauchi 18, which includes material support , observation and advocacy at all public hearings and work with the media. The men are being defended by a legal team that is headed by Ralf Monye, an experienced human rights attorney and a member of the Legal Defense and Assistance Project (LEDAP), and Rommy Mom of Lawyers' Alert. LEDAP and Lawyers' Alert are two Nigerian legal support organizations.

There are five charges currently leveled against the men under articles 125, 127, 128, 368 and 372 of the Penal Code:

  • Membership in an Unlawful Society
  • Indecent Act
  • Idle Person
  • Criminal Conspiracy
  • Vagabondage, which includes a prohibition on cross-dressing

Penalties for these crimes could amount to up to ten years imprisonment and more than 100 lashes. The more serious charge of sodomy, which carries the death penalty, could be instituted at any time.

Parents and relatives of the young men have not been sympathetic to their plight, owing to the cultural and religious nature of the offences. The father of one of the young men stated, for instance, "I feel ashamed to have sired such a disgrace to my family. May Allah pass judgment on him in addition to the judgment of the Shari 'a Court." Asked whether he would appear in court he answered in the negative. His statements are typical of those of other relatives.

The extreme homophobia exhibited in this very conservative area of the country has put the men and their advocates at grave risk. Messages of hate and violent protest have been directed at the lawyers and the young men. At the first hearing, before Alkali (Judge) Malam Kanimi Aboubacar in the Tunda Al Khali Area court, tear gas and bullets shot into the air were used to disperse a crowd intent on meting out mob justice against the men and their lawyers. The Nigerian official news agency, NAN, reported that a prison official had been injured when a mob also tried to attack the men in Bauchi prison. Owing to this serious risk to life and bodily harm, the court now sits at 2 p.m., rather than the usual time of 9 a.m., to avoid protest. This strategy may not work for long, given the increasing hatred directed at the 18 men and their legal team. Even the judge and court officials appear convinced of the culpability of the accused, consistently referring to them as "Yan Daudu"-a Hausa term that is often derogatorily used to refer to any male who publicly exhibits gender non-conforming behavior. Under these circumstances, there is serious doubt as to whether the men can get a fair trial.

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The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) is a leading human rights organization solely devoted to improving the rights of people around the world who are targeted for imprisonment, abuse or death because of their sexuality, gender identity or HIV/AIDS status. IGLHRC addresses human rights violations by partnering with and supporting activists in countries around the world, monitoring and documenting human rights abuses, engaging offending governments, and educating international human rights officials. A non-profit, non-governmental organization, IGLHRC is based in New York, with offices in Johannesburg and Buenos Aires. Visit http://www.iglhrc.org for more information


 

 

 

 

phone: 212-268-8040

The Mission of the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission is to secure the full enjoyment of human rights of all people and communities subject to discrimination or abuse on the basis of sexual orientation or expression, gender identity or expression and/or HIV status.

21/11/2007

la sodomie et la loi belge, la shariah et la peine de mort

La sodomie en Belgique: libre mais non obligatoire!  

Voci un petit extrait du livret "Diversité et tolérance en matière de sexualité. JE SUIS MOI..." (Fédération des Centres de planning familial des FPS et MJT-Espace jeunes) qui concerne la sodomie. Nous trouvons l´extrait particulièrement important et savoureux.


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Penses-tu que la sodomie est interdite par la loi? (page 24 de la brochure)

Les tabous sexuels tombent de plus en plus chez nous. Pourtant il reste encore certaines pratiques dont on n’ose pas trop parler. La sodomie en fait partie. Fantasme ou source de sensations intenses, elle est pourtant vieille comme le monde. Certains pays désignent encore cette pratique comme interdite et illégale même si elle est faite entre deux adultes consentants. C’est le cas de certains états américains. Le jugement peut même aller jusqu’à la peine de mort. En Belgique, la sodomie est librement acceptée. Mais attention ! Cela ne veut pas dire que tout le monde la pratique ou voudrait la pratiquer. Elle n’est pas obligatoire. Pour les hommes, les femmes, les hétéros comme pour les homos, refuser un acte sexuel est un droit. (Ndlr: les soulignements sont le fait du rédacteur)

Référence:

http://www.femmesprevoyantes.be/fps/CentresdePlanningFami...

http://www.femmesprevoyantes.be/NR/rdonlyres/37CA7A95-98D... et suivantes

Voila c´est dit: en Belgique, la sodomie est libre entre adultes consentants, mais non obligatoire. Luclebelge est belge et fier de l´être, fier de vivre dans un pays libéral qui a aussi une politique éducative et de santé prônant la diversité et la tolérance en matière de sexualité.

Dans d´autres pays, et spécialement dans les pays soumis à la loi coranique, la sodomie peut être punie par la peine de mort suivie de l´exécution capitale. Voici la liste des 7 pays où la peine de mort est encore appliquée pour pratique de la sodomie entre entre adultes consentants (source: ILGA):

-l´IRAN

-LA MAURITANIE

-L´ARABIE SAOUDITE

-LE SOUDAN

-LES EMIRATS ARABES UNIS

-LE YEMEN

-LE NIGERIA (POUR LES 12 PROVINCES DU NORD SOUMISES A LA SHARIAH)

Source:

http://www.ilga.org/news_results.asp?LanguageID=1&Fil...

Ce sont des pays qui appliquent la loi coranique, qui est homophobe et homocide. L´Iran, un pays particulièrement intégriste, exécute avec une régularité consternante des personnes accusées de sodomie.

L´homophobie est sans doute une maladie des monothéismes: l´Islam n´est pas en reste, la culture judéo-chrétienne (et donc la culture occidentale qui en est très largement issue) est à la base largement homophobe. (cfr Je suis moi, page 25). Ceux qui en douteraient seraient bien inspirés de lire (attention, il faut du courage, à déconseiller aux enfants et aux âmes sensibles, c´est classé X) le Deutéronome ou le Lévitique (Torah ou Ancien testament de la Bible).

Le drapeau actuel

Une bonne nouvelle vient de tomber hier: la Troisième commission des Nations Unies (ONU) a approuvé hier la résolution présentée par le Brésil et la Nouvelle Zélande d´un moratoire sur la peine de mort. Le texte doit encore passer en séance plénière, mais c´est la première fois que ce type de résolution obtient un vote positif et suffisant en Commission. Il y avait eu précédemment trois blocages (en 1994, 1999 et 2003). La suspension des exécutions capitales serait une excellente nouvelle pour les gays et les lesbiennes

Source du drapeau: Wikipedia